发布时间:2018-10-23  作者:cqylfy.com

At the end of each FIFA World Cup final tournament, several awards are attributed to the players and teams which have distinguished from the rest, in different aspects of the game.


Golden Ball


The Golden Ball award is presented to the best player at each FIFA World Cup finals, with a shortlist drawn up by the FIFA technical committee and the winner voted for by representatives of the media. Those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Adidas Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively.


Golden Boot


The Golden Boot Award goes to the top goalscorer of the FIFA World Cup. The award was introduced at the 1930 World Cup.


Since 1994, if there is more than one player with the same amount of goals, the tie-breaker goes to the player who has contributed the most assists. If there is still more than one player, the tie-breaker goes to the player who has played the least amount of time.


Silver and Bronze Boots have been awarded since 1982.


Yashin Award


The Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper is named in honour of the late goalkeeper Lev Yashin (USSR). The FIFA Technical Study Group recognizes the top goalkeeper of the tournament based on the player's performance throughout the final competition. Although goalkeepers have this specific award for their position, they are still eligible for the Golden Ball as well, as when Oliver Kahn was awarded in 2002.


Best Young Player Award


The Best Young Player award was awarded for the first time at the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany and given to Germany's Lukas Podolski. The award is given to the best player in the tournament who is at most 21 years old. The election took place on FIFA's official World Cup website with the help of The FIFA Technical Study Group.


FIFA Fair Play Trophy


The FIFA Fair Play Trophy is given to the team with the best record of fair play during the World Cup final tournament. Only teams that qualified for the second round are considered. The winners of this award earn the FIFA Fair Play Trophy, a diploma, a fair play medal for each player and official, and $50,000 worth of football equipment to be used for youth development.


Most Entertaining Team


The FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team is a fairly new accolade for the FIFA World Cup. It is a subjectively awarded prize for the team which has done the most to entertain the public with a positive approach to the game. The award is always organized through public participation in a poll. Recent awards have been determined by an Internet vote which may not fairly and accurately represent fan demographics.


All-Star Team


The All-Star Team, currently named after its current sponsor MasterCard All-Star Team, is a team of the best 23 players, chosen by FIFA's technical study group, from the World Cup Finals. The number of players was expanded from 11 to 16 at the 1998 finals, and then to the current 23. Before 1998, journalists and experts chose a "Dream Team" with outstanding players from each playing position. The teams were chosen mostly by European and South American journalists.

Gaokao, the national college entrance exam, is not the only route to a promising future for those born in the 2000s, a new survey shows.


The survey, conducted by portal website Sina, suggests over half of respondents born in the 2000s believe the gaokao is no longer a "life-changing matter".


Nearly half the polled students — who will sit for the upcoming gaokao — and 70 percent of interviewed parents said gaokao is more an opportunity to enrich life experiences.


The new generation has more choice in higher education, the survey indicated.


In addition to sitting for the test, a traditional way for students to be admitted to institutions of higher learning, more than one-fourth of those polled plan to receive higher education through pursuing degrees overseas, attending independent college admission tests or applying for art majors.


The survey interviewed more than 20,000 students, parents and netizens.


The change of attitude toward the gaokao is also reflected in the fact more than 60 percent of the students did not think gaokao was too stressful.


The more relaxed mood of students facing gaokao is probably reasonable, as the college enrollment rate in China has increased to above 70 percent in 2017 from around 20 percent in 1990.


The survey also indicated the post-2000s generation is a more independent demographic.


More than 60 percent of polled students said they would select their college majors themselves, while over one-fourth already has a clear picture for which university or majors they wanted to apply for.


This year, a record high of 9.75 million students is expected to attend the gaokao, scheduled for June 7 and 8.